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5G stimulates the huge demand for RF connectors and fiber optic cables
Since the introduction of the first analog phone in the 1980s, cellular communication networks have continued to evolve. 1G starts at 2.4 kb/s and each iteration significantly improves performance. Today's mobile 4G LTE version operates at 100 Mb/s. With the increase in speed and reliability, the rapidly expanding application area is practical. There are many RF connector models, such as SMA, SMP, 2.92mm, 2.4mm and 1.85mm, which will have many new application requirements.
The next iteration is coming, it is impacting people in all areas of food, clothing, housing, transportation, manufacturing, information, health care and entertainment. 5G will expand cloud computing and realize the Internet of Things. In addition to guaranteeing a network speed of up to 1.4GB/s, the delay time will be greatly reduced. 5G will become practical with the ability to adapt more connected devices with higher data network efficiency.
The release of 5G will disrupt the mobile cellular and fixed broadband markets. With the increase in the speed of cable TV and fiber to the home, 5G will change the form of consumers online, and the current cable and DSL service providers will suffer changes.
System engineers need to fully consider the construction and technology of 5G cellular communication systems. To increase speed and system capacity, designers have chosen to use multiple higher frequency bands, including millimeter waves (millimeter wave frequencies up to 52.6 GHz). In the case of reducing the range of data signal propagation, the higher the high-speed transmission frequency, the greater the distortion of the data signal caused by the distance attenuation and the attenuation of the obstacle. A 5G phone or customer located in a building simply covers the integrated antenna by hand or causes a loss of connection. To solve this challenge, 5G cellular networks will have to increase the number of cellular antennas in large quantities. The other part of the solution is the application of large-scale multi-channel input-output (mass MIMO) technology, which is configured with base stations of up to one hundred active antennas, using beamforming technology to create point-to-point links to a single device. .
The 5G data network will not pop up overnight, but will be popularized in countries around the world. The first draft of the 5G specification was released in December 2017, followed by a series of latest versions and iterative non-standard specifications that defined the frequency band, speed, and ensure backward compatibility with current 4g-compatible handsets. Those who are looking to buy a new phone in the market will expect to ensure that the device is compatible with the 4G and 5G protocols. It is estimated that a set of specifications that will fully exploit the 5G potential will be released in 2019. The top priority now is to reduce the difference between 4G LTE and 5G networks.
Equipment upgrades in the data center will increase the demand for high-performance backplanes and mezzanine connectors and their power interfaces. The increased volume of data traffic and backhaul will require new idle interconnect connectors, including SFP, SFP 28 and QSFP 28, as well as their fiber patch lines and jumpers. High-performance SAS, Fibre Channel, Infiniband, and 10G Ethernet copper components and their active fiber optic cables help set the current system architecture to target rates. RF filters require large-scale improvements in the deployment of 5G networks.
5G has injected vitality into the cellular communications industry. The development of 10x to 100x data transmission performance is not a long-term goal, but for connector manufacturers offering copper and fiber interfaces and related equipment, many difficulties in product development and manufacturing still need to be addressed. This new technology product will be launched in the next few years.
Shenzhen Tiankele Communication Technology Co., Ltd. is a professional manufacturer of RF connectors. It is a national high-tech enterprise. It has selected 5 Fortune 500 companies, 25 China Top 100 companies and 160 global customers to maintain a 35% annual growth. 11 years of ISO quality system management and control, with more than 30 quality control personnel, with three advanced laboratories such as electrical performance, mechanical performance, environmental performance, to provide customers with high reliability products.
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